James Brooke And Sarawak's Economic Growth

  • Johan Wahyudhi UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta

Abstract

James Brooke was an important figure who made significant contributions to mining, agriculture and plantations in Sarawak. As Sarawak's first White Raja, he played a crucial role in developing these sectors and opening up new opportunities for economic growth in the region. This paper will expose James Brooke's efforts in advancing the economy in Sarawak based on primary and secondary sources found. The historical analysis that is emphasized is centered on explaining economic history covering the three areas mentioned earlier. The method of analysis used is the historical method by looking at the development of the three sectors within a certain period. Economic history itself is not a history that contradicts political history, but is an inseparable unity. In this region, political dominance is built on the development of local resources.

References

Amarjit Kaur. (1998). Economic Change in East Malaysia Sabah and Sarawak Since 1850. Macmillan Press Ltd.

Cox, H., & Metcalfe, S. (1998). The Borneo Company Limited.

Craig A. Lockard. (1978). The 1857 Chinese Rebellion in Sarawak: A Reappraisal. Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, 9(1).

Furuoka, F. (2019). Economic development in Sarawak, Malaysia: An overview. Munich Personal RePEc Archive.

George Rodney Mundy. (1848). Narrative of Events in Borneo and Celebes, Down to the Occupation of Labuan: From the Journals of James Brooke Esq., Rajah of Sarāwak, and Governor of Labuan. Together with a Narrative of the Operations of HMS Iris (2nd ed.). John Murray, Albemarle Street.

Gertrude Le Grand Jacob. (1876). The Raja of Saráwak: An Account of Sir James Brooke, KCB, LL. D., Given Chiefly Through Letters and Journals (Vol. 2). Macmillan and Company.

Henry Keppel and James Brooke. (1853). A Visit to the Indian Archipelago, in HM Ship Mæander: With Portions of the Private Journal of Sir James Brooke, KCB. (Vol. 1). R. Bentley.

James Brooke. (1942). A Letter from Borneo: With Notices of the Country and Its Inhabitants: Addressed to James Gardner, Esq. No. 32733. L and G. Seeley.

JH Walker. (2020). Power and Prowess: The origins of Brooke kingship in Sarawak.

John H. Walker. (1998). James Brooke and the Bidayuh: Some Ritual Dimensions of Dependency and Resistance in Nineteenth-Century Sarawak. Modern Asian Studies, 32(1).

Kaur, A. (1995). The Babbling Brookes: Economic Change in Sarawak 1841–1941. Modern Asian Studies, 29(1), 65–109. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0026749X00012634
Leigh R. Wright. (1972). RAJA JAMES BROOKE AND SARAWAK: AN ANOMALY IN THE 19TH CENTURY BRITISH COLONIAL SCENE: (The text of a lecture given to the Branch on 18th January 1972). Journal of the Hong Kong Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, 12.

Mark C. Cleary. (1996). Indigenous Trade and European Economic Intervention in North-West Borneo c.1860–1930. Modern Asian Studies, 30(2).

Monica Janowski. (1991). Rice, work and community among the Kelabit of Sarawak, East Malaysia. London School of Economics.

Nicholas Tarling. (1970). BRITAIN AND SARAWAK IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY: RAJA CHARLES, RAJA VYNER AND THE COLONIAL OFFICE. Journal of the Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, 43(2).

Smythies, B. E. (1963). History of Forestry in Sarawak.

Toh, M. L., Tan, L. C., Looi, K. S., Tan, W. V., Ujang, M. U., Thoo, A. C., Azri, N. S., & Kathitasapathy, S. (2023). Towards “Good” Native Land Governance: An Evaluation in Sarawak, Malaysia. The International Indigenous Policy Journal, 14(1). https://doi.org/10.18584/iipj.2023.14.1.13873

Toh Ming Liang, Tan Liat Choon, Tan Wee Vern, Muhamad Uznir bin Ujang, Thoo Ai Chin , Liang, T. M., Choon, Dr. T. L., Faculty of Built Environment and Surveying, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai, Johor, Malaysia., Vern, T. W., Faculty of Built Environment and Surveying, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai,

Johor, Malaysia., Ujang, Dr. M. U. B., Faculty of Built Environment and Surveying, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai, Johor, Malaysia., Chin, Dr. T. A., & Azman Hashim International Business School, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai, Johor, Malaysia. (2019). A Preliminary Study on The Formation of Land Legislation and Cadastre System in Sarawak, Malaysia. International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology, 8(5c), 788–797. https://doi.org/10.35940/ijeat.E1112.0585C19
Published
2023-11-30
How to Cite
WAHYUDHI, Johan. James Brooke And Sarawak's Economic Growth. Ikhtisar: Jurnal Pengetahuan Islam, [S.l.], v. 3, n. 2, p. 116-128, nov. 2023. ISSN 2797-7668. Available at: <https://ojs.iaisumbar.ac.id/index.php/ikhtisar/article/view/322>. Date accessed: 18 apr. 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.55062//IJPI.2023.v3i2/322/5.