Patricia Crone’s Critical Notes On The Chronological Discourse On The Al-Qur’an In Macca

  • Al Amirul Fitriana Dewi UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta
  • Inayah Rohmaniyah UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta

Abstract

This article will reveal the epistemological basis of Patricia Crone's view that Mecca is not a center for international trade and a place for the distribution of the Koran. This study is qualitative research that uses document data sources or what is also called library research. The results of the research by Patricia Crone indicate 3 different aspects in studying the originality of the chronology of the decline of the Al-Qur'an. First, in a skeptical manner, Crone suggests that the chronology of the revelation of the Koran is more appropriate to pin it down in Iraq rather than in Mecca. Second, his thoughts were obtained from non-Muslim sources which ultimately outlined contradictory thoughts which were inversely proportional to the Makkiyah and Madaniyah Qur'an surah groups. Third, the social situation when the Koran was revealed was not in a primitive society, as is generally described in the Traditionalist school of thought, but in a society that was more advanced, more philosophical and sophisticated. This research requires refinement and is expected to provide new insights in future research.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Ahmad Fadholi. 2014. “Studi Kritis terhadap Pemikiran John Wonsbrough tentang Historisitas Al-Qur’an.” Hermeunetik 8(2):281–304.

Aisyah Ali. 2020. “Perdebatan Historitas Al-Qur’an Perspektif Orientalis Skeptis dan Dialogis-Akademis.” Jurnal IAI 4(2):12–28. doi: https://www.academia.edu/download/69803222/ulumul_al_qur_an_dan_sejarah_perkembangannya.pdf.

Bahruddin, B. (2023). Religious Radicalism: Deconstructing The Interpretation Of The Verse Of Jihad In The Qur'an. International Journal Of Research, 1(1), 61-84. doi:10.55062//IJR.2023.v1i1.329/5

Cahaya Khaeroni. 2017. “Sejarah Al-Qur’an (Uraian Analitis, Kronologis, dan Naratif tentang Sejarah Kodifikasi Al-Qur’an).” HISTORIA : Jurnal Program Studi Pendidikan Sejarah 5(2):195–209.

Carimokam, Sahaja. 2010. Muhammad and the People of the Book: Introduction to Environmental Physics. USA: Xlibris Corporation.

Crone, P., and M. Cook. 1978. “Hagarism. The Making of the Islamic World.” International Journal of Contemporary Educational Research 11(4):434–36. doi: 10.5771/0506-7286-1978-4-434.

Fatah, Abdul. 2019. “Analisis Semiotika Roland Barthes tentang Ashabul Fiil.” Al-Tadabbur: Jurnal Kajian Sosial, Peradaban dan Agama 5(2):133–48.

Ghozali Mahbub. 2020. “Asbab Al-Nuzul as Historical Criticism on The Emergence of Revisionist Islam.” Buletin Al-Turas 10(2):202–38.

Ikhwan, Munirul. 2020. “Drama Ilahi: Sebuah Upaya dalam Membaca Kronologi Wahyu Al-Qur’an.” Mutawatir: Jurnal Keilmuan Tafsir Hadith 10(2):202–38.

Ismail, Faisal. 1999. “Perdagangan Mekkah dan Kernunculan Islam (Mendiskusikan Tesis Montgomery Watt dan Patricia Crone).” Al-Jami’ah 12(64).

Muhammad Rafii. 2015. “Memahami Konsep Islam Revisionis Mun’im Sirry.” Nizham Journal of Islamic Studies 10(1):1–12.

Sirry, Mun’im. 2014. Kontroversi Islam Awal antara Madzhab Tradisionalis dan Revisionalis. Bandung: Mizan Pustaka.

Nasution, Gusniarti, Jannati Nabila, Violeta Inayah Pama, and Eniwati Khaidir. 2022. “Situasi Sosial Keagamaan Masyarakat Arab Pra Islam.” Tsaqifa Nusantara: Jurnal Pembelajaran dan Isu-Isu Sosial 1(1):85–98.

Nur, Zunaidi. 2023. “Kronologi Al-Qur’an Periode Makkah (Analisis Internal Teks Theodor Nöldeke (1836-1930) dalam Penyusunan Kronologi Al- Qur’an Periode Makkah).” Ulil Arbab 1(12):4536–45.

Patricia Crone. 1987. Meccan Trade and Rise of Islam. USA: Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.

Rafii, Muhammad. 2022. “Memahami Konsep Islam Revisionis Mun’Im Sirry.” Nizham Journal of Islamic Studies 10(1):1. doi: 10.32332/nizham.v10i1.5089.

Rahman, Yusuf. 2015. “Pendekatan Tradisionalis dan Revisionis dalam Kajian Sejarah Pembentukan Al-Qur’an Dan Tafsir pada Masa Islam Awal.” Journal of Qur’an and Hadith Studies 4(1):129–45. doi: 10.15408/quhas.v4i1.2286.

Serjeant, R. .. 1990. “Meccan Trade and the Rise of Islam : Misconceptions and Flawed Polemics Meccan Trade and the Rise of Islam by Patricia Crone.” Journal of the American Oriental Society 110(3):472486-.
Published
2023-12-26
How to Cite
DEWI, Al Amirul Fitriana; ROHMANIYAH, Inayah. Patricia Crone’s Critical Notes On The Chronological Discourse On The Al-Qur’an In Macca. International Journal of Research, [S.l.], v. 1, n. 2, p. 119-132, dec. 2023. ISSN 3025-9681. Available at: <https://ojs.iaisumbar.ac.id/index.php/ijr/article/view/364>. Date accessed: 18 apr. 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.55062//IJR.2023.v1i2/364/4.